Ginseng (Panax ginseng CA Meyer) is a plant native to Asia, North East, whose root is renowned for its medicinal properties. The generic name "Panax" comes from the Greek words pan, meaning "everything", and Akos meaning "remedy." Panax (in French: panacea) therefore means a panacea. Ginseng is an essential basis for the Asian medicinal and reputation in Asia is proverbial.
Origins and names
The most famous ginseng is cultivated in Korea. The Koreans call it "Insam, the root man-shaped or" Goryo Insam. Indeed, a root-old can take a look anthropomorphic (a trunk with two arms and two legs). The word "ginseng" comes from Mandarin Chinese "rénshēn", "ren" means "man" and "Shen" meaning "root". "Renshen" became ginseng as a pronunciation of the Japanese way to read these Chinese characters. However, today the Japanese word for these characters, "ninjin Means "carrot", and Japanese ginseng called "chosen ninjin from choson, name of the last ruling dynasty of Korea.
Ginseng must be grown for several years for the rhizome acquires all its qualities. Depending on the age of the plant, the root will sell at prices higher or lower. It is however in all cases an expensive product, because their culture requires great care. The ginseng trade is heavily supervised by the State of South Korea to ensure the quality label of Korean Ginseng. It is common in Korea a lucky hiker discovers a wild ginseng. The rhizome will be auctioned at prices unimaginable.
Ginseng and Sports
Ginseng is not used in sports, but it is nonetheless. We remember some years when it began to consume in some sports. In 1940, most boxers used ginseng to increase their physical endurance, compared to 5.3% in 2007. In 1933, many soccer players (name of European football in North America) used a drink made from ginseng because of its stimulant properties to improve their performance and in 2007, only 1.8% of them l 'use. In 1934, 11.4% of football players used ginseng, rates fell to a low 4% in 2007, probably because players have found more potent substances. In 1932, 12.9% of runners who completed the marathon of 42 km taking ginseng in their diet. The number of consumers is low in 2007 because the product is rather unknown and unpopular because of new substances consumed.
Growing ginseng is possible in metropolitan France. Plant under wood (not flat!), Ginseng needs natural shade (tree, shrub, wall ...) or artificial (net Ombrière). It likes acid soil (pH 6.3 to 6.8), light (sandy or humus) in order to develop its root more easily. But to grow, it is best done by ferry filled with good potting soil. In the fall, it loses its leaves and stem and falls dormant At this stage, he fears no frost (up to -12 or -15 ° C). It will resume its growth from its terminal bud with a warmer spring.
Properties: Ginseng is primarily a nervous system stimulant, physical and intellectual and physical strength increases. It is a stimulant, vaso-motor. It has a substantive focus on the body. It is appreciated for its character adaptogen: it allows a better resistance to various stresses. Scientific studies have confirmed the remarkable properties of ginseng. The European Commission and the World Health recognize the use of ginseng to invigorate the body of people tired or weak, to restore the physical work capacity and intellectual concentration and convalescents to help regain strength. Ginseng has been very much research. Its main bioactive constituents are ginsenosides, with multiple beneficial effects have been demonstrated experimentally, including their anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anticancer.
Hint: It is recommended in cases of general fatigue, physical or intellectual. Conditioner, it stimulates both physical and intellectual abilities.
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