Anxiety is the phenomenological psychiatry biological and behavioral state of alert, somatic and psychological stress, in connection with an unpleasant feeling of fear, anxiety or other emotions. Physiological events may accompany the state of anxiety: dizziness, nausea, palpitations, difficulty breathing, chest of contrition, sweating. However, when physical symptoms are present, one class rather then the phenomenon under the name of anxiety.
When anxiety is unnecessary, or it is disproportionate to its purpose, or caused by disease or intake of a substance, known as anxiety disorders, which are a condition in which an individual does longer able to control his anxiety.
At its highest level, anxiety is manifested by a total grip on the individual who loses his perceptions of the environment, time, emotions to which he is accustomed. We then speak of "Raptus anxiety" (eg following an overdose on amphetamines). The degree of intensity may be so great that it is virtually essential to practice medical treatment.
For psychoanalysis, the anxiety is distinguished from anxiety, the nature (object loss, depression, psychosis, castration) should be investigated in the framework of psychoanalytic interviews in order to establish its intrapsychic function for illuminate the point of view of consciousness and beyond in a cure. Also in psychoanalysis, four emotions are repressed and need to be felt among people anxious: fear, regret, frustration and disappointment.
Epidemiology of anxiety disorders
Anxiety disorders are very common. As defined in DSM-IV (International Classification of psychiatric disorders), it affects nearly 30% of the U.S. population and its age of onset is 11 years. It features an increased risk of depression. It is also associated with certain behaviors that can cause health problems, such as smoking, alcoholism or physical inactivity.
The management remains very partial, nearly 40% of Americans suffer from anxiety disorders receive no treatment for this condition.
Theorists like Paul Tillich and psychoanalysts such as Sigmund Freud described this kind of anxiety as the "trauma of nonbeing." The human being comes at a time in his life where he realizes that there is the possibility of ceasing to exist (die). It then develops the anxiety about the reality and existence. According to Tillich and Freud, religion becomes an important mechanism for dealing with this type of anxiety, since many religions define death as a divine and eternal continuity of life on earth as opposed to the complete end of existence.
According to Viktor Frankl, author of the book Man's Search for Meaning (in English), the lowest instincts of the human face of mortal danger is to find a way of life to combat this "trauma of non- being "at the approach of death, when the temptation to succumb to (even by suicide) is very strong.
The specific symptoms of anxiety are most often supported using certain medications such as benzodiazepines. Diazepam was among the first drugs used for this purpose. Today, medical professionals have a much greater range of products used to reduce symptoms of anxiety. The administration of such products may be dangerous and should be supported by a doctor or, preferably, a psychiatrist. It is also advised not to suddenly stop this kind of treatment once started. This is mainly benzodiazepines and other types of drugs such as buspirone, the captodiame, meprobamate, hydroxyzine, or the etifoxine, and the good old Rivotril.
Cognitive behavioral therapy
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is the most common way to treat anxiety. The goal of this therapy is to prevent the patient avoids the source of his anxiety and help the patient to develop specific techniques to cope.
Unlike prescription drugs, the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy depends on various factors, including the level of competence of the therapist concerned. In addition to therapy "conventional", there are many cognitive-behavioral programs that patients can use to heal. This may include techniques to:
* Limit any negative thoughts to oneself.
* Develop the ability to have positive thoughts.
* Develop the ability to replace negative thoughts with positive thoughts.
* Describe step by step the patient to the source of his fear.
* Provide patient information that can help cope with anxiety. (For example, we can say to a patient suffering from the panic he feels the palpitations may not actually be detrimental to the health significantly).
Other strategists treatment of traditional Chinese medicine such as acupuncture may provide some beneficial results in regulating the secretion of serotonin available to the body thereby reducing anxiety disorders.
There are those who suffer from anxiety many ways to help themselves and relax, which play an important role in the treatment of symptoms of anxiety. This includes:
* Good eating habits - including a reduction in the consumption of caffeine, sugar and a general improvement in dietary habits. Reducing consumption of caffeine should be spread. Some patients with anxiety, these measures would significantly reduce the symptoms of anxiety. It is also advisable to consume as much as possible of fatty acids such as Omega-3
* Physical activity - Physical activity is an effective measure to deal with stress thanks to its ability to reduce the rate of cortisol in the body of the patient. It is worth noting that the rapid palpitations that can lead to physical activity in some cases trigger a panic attack, it is advisable to stagger the implementation of any physical activity program.
* Breathing techniques - such as diaphragmatic breathing.
* Sleep well.
* Relaxation techniques - a state of relaxation can be found by using relaxation tapes, yoga or therapy to relax.
* Stress management, which may include changes in lifestyle and / or its way of managing time. There are many books on this subject.
* Strategies to cope with panic attacks, such as "self-talk positive and breathing techniques.
* The search for his purpose in life - Some experts have suggested that anxiety is, in some cases due to a kind of "boredom" to life. They recommend looking for an occupation in which the patient may have a meaning in life.
* It is recommended for those who do not know the exact cause of their anxiety to determine if they are concerned about a specific circumstance or event or a concern related to existence.
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