Agoraphobia (Greek ἀγορά / agora, public square, assembly and φόβος / phobos, "fear") is a cognitive disorder manifested by an irrational fear of not being able to escape a situation or the fear of not being able be rescued in case of panic attack symptoms or a panic attack. As a result, agoraphobia may also indirectly include the fear of the crowd as mass (the difference is not always strictly defined with ochlophobie). It falls into the category of social phobias.
Agoraphobia could (not medical) is defined as: the fear of fear.
Prevalence and incidence
Agoraphobia affects 2 to 4% of the population. In its mild form (agoraphobia way) it is developing between the end of adolescence and the thirtieth year. The major form is usually accompanied by panic disorder and occurs between 35 and 45 years.
If the origin of this neurosis differs depending on the subject, it occurs most often due to mental trauma (accident, bereavement, unemployment ...) recent or distant. Thus, this state - that many experts differ from a "disease" - may be developed at any time by any individual. It can also be a number of other syndromes, phobias or compulsive disorders (depression, claustrophobia ...)
The anxiety generated by this event phobic may be different depending on the sensitivity scale of the topic. The most exposed individuals may present crisis spasmophilie, also called "crisis of anxiety or panic attack." With the exception of people with specific diseases (with heart, ...), asthmathiques crises spasmophilie do in fact no danger to life or health of the subject. Nevertheless, these episodes victims compare to the feeling of dying.
These panic attacks have one or more psychological and physical manifestations:
* Palpitations, tachycardia (rapid heartbeat)
* Tremors or shaking (hence the name of spasmophilie)
* Pain, chest discomfort
* Choking sensation, shortness of breath
* Sometimes, depersonalization or derealization
Patients are strongly fear the brunt, the dizziness, choking, loss of control, accompanied by physical manifestations of intense anxiety, the patient leads to fear situations where they fear to be afraid ( afraid to be afraid = Phobophobie). They can then develop through a process called opposition of "avoidance", to avoid any situation for the object of their phobia.
In the latter case, the agoraphobe risk and to get into a process of de-socialization and have completed a major depressive syndrome.
The cognitive and behavioral therapy (CBT) are now among the most appropriate in handling this type of condition. Relaxation and learning self-control (emotions and events consistent body) will allow the patient to alleviate the persistent anxiety, and more to confront feared situations calmly. For this, a systematic desensitization technique puts the patient in phobogene, imagination, at first, then gradually, in a real situation "in vivo".(SONY)
Read also Acrophobia