Kleptomania (Greek "kleptein" = steal and "mania" = frenzy) "monomania of theft" and dates from the early 19th Century. The term is used in psychiatry almost unanimously rejected.
German descriptions of the concept
* "Compulsive stealing"
* "Triebhaftes stealing"
* "Süchtiges stealing"
* "Neurotic stealing"
* "Pathological stealing"
* "Psychopathischer Stehltrieb"
* "Theft passion"
* "Without stealing enrichment tendency"
* "Thefts without substantial enrichment tendency"
The term comes from the Monomanielehre the French psychiatrist Jean Dominique Etienne Esquirol and Charles Henry Marc Chretien. Marc coined the term, which means "monomania of theft". A precursor of the concept was the term "Klopémanie" of the Geneva doctor André Matthey. Matthey noted that term in 1816 as part of its doctrine of "Pathomanie" (by Esquirol to Monomanielehre rewording).
In addition to the monomania of theft were "Monomanien" virtually every imaginable human conspicuous or delinquent behaviour: "hypochondrische monomania", "religious monomania", "erotic monomania", "Selbstmordmonomanie", "Mordmonomanie", "monomania of Reichthums , Ergeizes, pride, "" ascetische, religious monomania "," Dämonomanie "," erotomania "," monomania of imitation, "etc.
Rejection of the concept in the forensic psychiatry
Due to the arbitrariness reaching conceptual blur Monomanielehre was already in the late 19th century by the psychiatry to use their individual categories (including the "Kleptomania") as "kriminalpsychiatrische artifacts" (Birnbaum 1926) rejected. The latest forensic psychiatry rejects the Monomanielehre and inextricably linked with her term "Kleptomania" completely, as this delinquentes and socially disruptive behavior in "unduly monosymptomatisch to disease pictures hochstilisiert, [...], and thus in circles suggest, That such practices were classified as pathological (Venzlaff & Pfäfflin 2005, Janzarik 1974, Mundt 1986).
The forensic psychiatry calls in assessing the ability of debt in connection with a theft the explicit proof of well-known mental disorders. The "Kleptomania" approach contained characteristics are usually sociological nature (assets of the thief in relation to the value of the asset thieves) and no features of psychopathology.
Adoption of the concept in the International Classification of mental disorders
Monomanielehre the remnants are still in the ICD-10 in Chapter F63 ( "Abnormal habits and disorders of impulse control"), including the categories F63.2 "pathological stealing [Kleptomania]". The problem remains that the inclusion of the term "Kleptomania" in the ICD-10 or the DSM-IV encouraged the adoption, said that theft with the characteristics of the "Kleptomania" a mental disease that appears in court schuldmindernd impact. (See also theft - 5.3. Problem to the term "Kleptomania")
In contrast to the (questionable) assumption of the concept in modern classification systems (Summary at Muller), but (as well as the terms "pathological stealing", "without stealing enrichment trend", etc.) by the forensic psychiatry vehemently rejected (Venzlaff & Pfäfflin 2004 ).