The social phobia is a persistent and intense fear of one or more social situations or performance that may expose the person to the careful observation of others. It fears that its actions put in an embarrassing or humiliating situation. In addition, children who have this disorder have normal relations especially with their relatives and friends. But this is not systematic, we need actually that the topic is sure to be loved to get involved in relationships. It is another criterion for asking this diagnosis, either because the feared social situation causes whenever the same anxiety, which may take the form of a panic attack. The social situations or performance causing intense distress and are avoided, but that deeply disturbs avoidance activities of individuals, including school activities of children. Finally, to put this diagnosis in a person under 18 years is that the symptoms last for at least six months.
The social phobias can be very diverse (an estimated 3% to 13% of the population is reached), it can go a gene limited to a situation (éreutophobie or fear of blushing in public) to a blocking full social, preventing the person to leave her home.
Please do not confuse the social anxiety and shyness or stage fright. These are normal reactions, and arrive to combat by the will. The social anxiety goes far beyond, and often requires psychological treatment (behavioral therapy) to tame these reactions.
The social anxiety is usually a learned behaviour. You can find environmental problems family withdrawn, thus naturally reducing the experiences of social development. The phobia is acquired during adolescence, sometimes after a traumatic event.
According to the French approach, it is a self-even due to a lack of confidence in itself. It is to avoid situations of anxiety related to fear of being held, ending up in the form of shyness, sensitivity to rejection and criticism, and anxiety.
According to the DSM IV classification: There is a general mode of social inhibition, feelings of not being the arrivals and hypersensitivity to negative judgement of others that appears in early adulthood and is present in various contexts, as witnessed at least four of the following events:
1. the subject avoids social activities involving professional contacts with others for fear of criticism, disapproval or rejected;
2. reluctance to get involved with others unless they are sure to be loved;
3. is reserved in intimate relationships for fear of being exposed to shame and ridicule;
4. afraid of being criticized or rejected in social situations;
5. is inhibited in new interpersonal situations because of a feeling of not being the arrivals;
6. sees itself as socially incompetent, unattractive or inferior to others;
7. is particularly reluctant to take personal risks or to engage in new activities for fear of experiencing the embarrassment.
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