In Greek mythology, Asclepius (in ancient Greek Ἀσκληπιός / Asklepios) is in the Homeric epic hero thessalien then, the classical period, the god of medicine. The son of Apollo, he died struck by Zeus for having resurrected the dead, before being placed in the sky in the form of the constellation Serpentaire.
It is the Roman Aesculapius (and etymology) and the Egyptian Imhotep. Its main attribute is the caduceus, a stick around which wraps a snake, now the symbol of medicine.
Its principal place of worship is located at Epidaurus, where he heals the pilgrims by incubation. It is invoked in the Hippocratic oath along with his father Apollo and his daughters Hygeia and Panacea. He is the legendary ancestor of milkweed, a dynasty of doctors practicing in Cos and Cnidus, which Hippocrates is the most illustrious member.
Asklepios is already mentioned in the Iliad, where he is described as "faultless doctor and where we think of remedies that the centaur Chiron him. Asclepius does not personally, but his son and Machaon Podalire take part in the Trojan War to head the contingent of Trikke in Thessaly.
The legends about his birth are quite confused. In the basic version, Asclepius is the son of Apollo and Coronis. While she is pregnant god, it deceives him with the deadly Ischys. Apollo, master of divination, perceives the truth, which is also reported by a raven. It then sends his sister, Artemis, the infidel pourfendre its arrows, but took pity for the unborn child, it tears the belly of his mother who consume at the stake. It covers the young Asklepios at centaur Chiron, which the student and teaches him the art of healing. According to another version, Asclepius is the son of Apollo and Arsinoe, daughter of Leucippus.
Asklepius dies struck by angry Zeus. His crime was to have tried to resurrect the dead through the blood of the Gorgon that gave him ATHENS: The blood flowed on the left is a violent poison, but the right side is a wonderful remedy. The Eriphyle, lost part of Stesichore appoints as Capanea resurrected and Lycurgus, two of Seven against Thebes; Pherecyde mentions "those who die in Delphi," without further precision, Pindar merely mention qu'Asclepios accomplishes this feat by means of Important fees. Late authors cite egalementHippolyte, son of Theseus, Tyndaris, Hyménée Glaucus and.
Furious, Apollo killing the Cyclopes. Zeus will throw in the Apollo and tartar on the intercession of Leto, the god condemns simply to serve fatal for one year, and Apollo Does service admits as cowherd. In another tradition, Apollo revenge on the son of Cyclops, not the Cyclopes themselves.
Realizing thereafter well qu'Asclepios had given to men, Zeus among the stars in the shape of the constellation Serpentaire.
Other myths associated
Traditions late wife to give EPION and girls: Hygeia, Panacea, aceso, Iaso (The Cure) and Egle.
Some traditions associated with the hunting of wild boar Calydon and ship of the Argonauts, but overall Asklepios is absent major mythological cycles.
From the classical age, Asclepius is revered as a god. Its two main centers of worship are Trikke and Epidaurus in Argolis, where the eclipse his cult of Apollo. In the sanctuary of Epidaurus, he practices medicine by dreams: incubation. Patients, duly purified must spend the night in the temple, during their sleep, their god dictates the order necessary or heal the body directly affecting patient. The miraculous healings (ἰάματα / IAMAT) give rise to ex-votos described by Pausanias.
Asklepios is also revered in Delphi from the fifth century BC. AD and Athens after the "plague" of 430-429 BC. AD: a statue of worship of Epidaurus is imported from the peace Nicias, bringing an end to the Peloponnesian War. Sophocles, already a hero priest healer, Amynos, plays an important role in implementing the son of Apollo in Athens: the tragedy is even deemed to have hosted the god in his home. Asklepios is then introduced to the Mysteries of Eleusis, and Asklepeia (or Epidauria) are positioned near the celebration of the mysteries in the calendar attic.
The etymology of its name is unknown. It was suggested that he was a god mole bringing its name from the animal, σκάλοψ / ἀσπάλαξ (skálops / aspálax), the structure of Epidaurus tholos would also be comparable to the galleries of the mole. The assumption is not demonstrable.
From its name from the milkweed, which means his son and Machaon Podalire, then the noble family that claims descent, and by extension all physicians. "Milkweed is also a personal name, included by the Alexandrian poet Milkweed Samos or the doctor Milkweed Bithynia. The Greeks gave the name ἀσκληπιάς / asklêpiás (grass Asclepius ") to various medicinal plants, including the swallow-wort officinalis (Vincetoxicum hirundinaria). In modern times, Carl Linnaeus called Asclepiadaceae family and genus Asclepias in honor of the god.
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